Newsgroups: comp.os.linux.announce
Subject: COMMERCIAL: Yggdrasil Fall 1995 Plug & Play Linux, $39.95
Message-ID: <>
From: (Adam J. Richter)
Date: Wed, 20 Sep 95 12:16:57 GMT
Organization: Yggdrasil Computing, Inc.
Keywords: Commercial Linux ELF CDROM Distribution
Summary: 2 CD's, 1 boot floppy, 170 page install guide: $39.95
Approved: (Lars Wirzenius)

Table of Contents                            Orders: +1 800 261-6630
        Announcement                                 +1 408 261-6630
        Why ELF?	                        fax: +1 408 261-6631
        Version Numbers                    
        Hardware Compatability             
	Available by FTP
	Money Back Guarantee               Resellers +1 408 261-6634
	Technical Support
        Resellers Welcome
        Free Copies for Contributors
	How To Get Plug & Play By Tomorrow
        Order Form

ANNOUNCEMENT                            Press Contact: Corrine Buteau
                                                       +1 408 261-6633

	Yggdrasil Computing has shipped the first production Linux
distribution to use the new ELF binary format and version 5 of the
Linux C Library.*  This combination is the binary environment that the
Linux community on the internet has been adopting over the past nine
months.  Other new features of this release include DOS-based and
network-based installations for systems that lack a supported CDROM
drive configuration, expanded graphical control panels, the postgres95
beta 0.02 remote database system, and the XFree86 3.1.2 version of the
X11R6 X window system.

	Plug & Play Linux has now grown to two CD-ROM's.  The
first CD-ROM includes all system programs, while the second CD-ROM is
source code.  Like previous Plug & Play releases, the Fall 1995
edition of Plug & Play Linux can be started on supported hardware
configurations by simply plugging in the included boot floppy and the
first CDROM, and turning the computer on.  Users with other hardware
configurations can use the new DOS installation or the new network
(NFS) installation.  These alternative methods work not only for the
initial installation, but also for installing optional software
packages later.

	Other new features of this release include an expanded 170
page installation guide and additional enhancements to our graphical
control panels for system administration.  Users who buy our
distribution on CD-ROM also get one free success with our guaranteed
technical support service (a $25 value, see "TECHNICAL SUPPORT"), and
$5 off of a second use of this service.

	The distribution uses the stable linux 1.2.13 kernel, and also
has source code for the experimental 1.3.15 kernel for more
adventurous programmers.

*There have been other ELF linux distributions that used the old
 version 4 C Library, and there is a beta version of at least one
 other Linux distribution on the internet that uses ELF and libc-5.


	The advantages of the ELF binary format are very technical.
Not everyone will be able to follow this explanation, but hopefully
it will clarify for many people the reasons for the switch to ELF.

	The most significant advantage of ELF is easier development of
shared libraries.  ELF also makes it more likely that different
versions of the same shared library will be compatible.  Producing a
shared library in the old binary format involved developing a custom
"jump table" for that library.  Libraries with different jump tables
were incompatible, and often a new version of a library was
incompatible with its original jump table because a variable grew in
size too much.  ELF eliminates the source of incompatability by
resolving symbol names at load time.

	With ELF come some bonus features.  For starters, standard ELF
shared libraries are also dynamically loadable, meaning that programs
can load, execute and unload code from new libraries while they are
running.  It is also possible to have extra libraries preloaded ahead
of a program's usual shared libraries.  This features is used by two
facilities in Plug & Play Linux: ElectricFence, and zlibc.
ElectricFence debugs memory allocation by intercepting calls to
malloc() and free(), making it possible to find memory allocation in
programs that the user does not even have source code for.  zlibc
implements transparent decompression by intercepting a variety of
filesystem-related system calls.

	ELF is also the executable layout used by System V Release 4 (tm),
although the system calls and many data structures are not compatible.
Linux ELF executables will not currently run on SVR4, but a small
amount of code is now shared between the SVR4-ELF and Linux versions
of the GNU utilities that produce and manipulate system binaries.
Bug fixes in certain areas of the SVR4 code automatically apply to
Linux and vice-versa.  Moving to ELF makes it easier to move toward
greater compatability in this area in the future.

	By moving to the ELF binary format, users can expect more
efficient use of disk space because of wider use of shared libraries,
easier upgrade paths, more compatability between different linux
distributions, a few additional technical features, and an additional
area of compatability with SVR4-based UNIX systems.

(tm) SVR4 and System V are trademarks of Unix System Laboratories.
     UNIX is a trademark of X/Open.


	Plug & Play Linux contains over a thousand executable
programs, which are arranged into hundreds of software components.
Here is a list of the version numbers for the different packages
that comprise the Fall 1995 release of Plug & Play Linux.

acm-4.7		  gawk-2.15.6	    mc-2.1	      tcl-7.4.orig
adagio-0.4o	  gcc-2.6.3	    metamail-2.6      tclvsdb-1.0
agrep-2.04	  gdb-4.14	    minicom-1.71      tclX-7.4a-b5
amd-920824upl67	  getty_ps-2.0.7e   mkdosfs-ygg-0.3b  tcp_wrapper-6.3
andrew-6.3.3	  ghostscript-2.6.2 mkisofs-ygg-1.03a tcsh-6.06
ash-linux-0.2	  ghostview-1.5	    modules-1.2.8     term-2.3.3
at-2.8		  gic-1.2b1	    moog-0.2	      texinfo-3.1
auis-6.3.3	  glib-1.9f	    moxftp-2.2	      textutils-1.11
aumix-0.2	  gmod-1.0	    mpeg-1.2	      tiff-3.3beta2
autoconf-2.3	  gmp-1.3.2	    mtools-2.0.7      time-1.6
bash-1.14.4	  gn-2.12	    mule-2.0	      tk-4.0
bbgopher-1.6	  gnats-3.2	    nas-1.2p1	      tkgnats-3.01
bc-1.03		  gnuchess-4.0.pl68 nas-1.2p2	      tkinfo-0.7-beta
bdflush-1.5	  gnugo-1.1	    ncompress-4.2.4   tkpostage-1.3a
bdftobin-1.0	  gnuplot-3.5	    ncurses-1.9.2d    tkWWW-0.12
bin86-0.1	  gnushogi-1.1	    nenscript-1.13++  tput-1.0
bind-4.9.3.beta9  grep-2.0	    net-tools-1.1.56  traceroute-4.4BSD
binutils- groff-1.09	    NetKitBSD-0.06    trn-3.6
binutils-2.5.2l.1 gwm-1.7p_beta_2   NetKitMisc-0.08   tset-jv-0.9.3
bison-1.24	  gxditview-1.09    nfs-server-2.0rt  umsdos_progs-0.7
blt-1.8		  gzip-1.2.4	    nntpd-15.11a      umsdos_progs-0.7-
bootlin-4	  hdparm-2.1	    oleo-1.6	      usermaint-1.0
bootp-2.4.1	  hfs-0.36	    p2c-1.20	      util-linux-2.2
byacc-1.9	  host-1.01	    patch-2.1	      uucp-1.05
capture-1.00	  httpd-1.3	    pbmplus-10dec91   vacation-1.1
cbzone-1.00	  hz2ps-3.1	    pcmcia-cs-2.6.3   vlock-0.8
cdda2wav-0.3	  ibcs-1.2-950413   pcnfsd-1.40	      wavplay-0.1
cdwrite-1.5	  ifs-5		    pdksh-5.2.3	      Wcl-2.4
checklinks-1.00	  ImageMagick-3.2   perl-4.036	      wdiff-0.5
chfn-0.6	  indent-1.9.1	    perl-5.001	      web2c-6.1
cpio-2.3	  init-2.55	    pgbrowse-3.1b     WorkBone-0.1
cron-3.0pl1	  inn-1.4	    pidentd-2.2	      wu-ftpd-2.4
ctk-4.0a2	  ipxbridge-0.1	    pine-3.90	      xancur-1.6
ctwm-3.3	  ipxbridge-0.1.1   pixmaps-24x24     xaster-1.00
cvs-1.3		  ipxbridge-0.2	    pixmaps-32x32     xbmbrowser-2.0
dejagnu-1.2	  ismodem-1.00	    pkg-0.1	      xboard-3.0.pl9
devX100-12	  ispell-3.1.18	    postgres95-0.02   xcmdmenu-1.6
devX75-12	  itcl-1.5	    ppp-2.1.2b	      xdaliclock-2.03
dialog-0.5	  joystick-0.7.2    pql-0.8.1	      xearth-0.92
diffutils-2.6	  jpeg-5-alpha	    procps-0.97	      xemacs-19.12
dip-3.3.7j	  kbd-0.89	    qddb-1.42.2	      xexit-1.0
dlltools-2.17	  kterm-6.1.0	    rcs-	      xfm-1.3.2
dnswalk-1.8.1	    readelf-0.0	      free86-3.1.2
doc-2.0		  less-252	    readline-2.0      xgopher-1.3.3
dosemu-0.60.3	  lesstif-Jul31-094 readlink-1.00     xkeycaps-2.22
dosfsck-1.0	  libc-4.5.26	    realpath-1.0      xless-1.7
e2fsprogs-0.5b	  libc-5.0.9	    recode-3.4	      xlisp-2.1d
ed-0.2		  libc_s-950506	    reve-1.4.0	      xpd-1.03
efax-0.7	  libg++-    sed-2.05	      xpipeman-1.01
ElectricFence-2.0 lilo-0.16	    selection-1.7     xpm-3.4f
elm-2.4		  linux-1.2.10	    sh-utils-1.12     xpool-1.3
elvis-1.8pl4	  linux-1.2.13	    sharutils-4.1     xrisk-2.14
emacs-19.28	  linux-1.3.15	    sirc-2.0	      xscreensaver-1.22
emacs-19.29	  listserv-1993.2.2 slang-0.99.14     xsession-1.1
expect-5.17	  loadlin-15	    smail- xshogi-1.1
f2c-1994.April.20 lrzsz-0.12a	    smalltalk-1.1.1   xtetris-2.5.2
file-3.18	  lynx2-3-7	    sound-2.4	      xvier-1.0
fileutils-3.12	  m4-1.4	    sox-8	      xview-3.2p1-X11R6
finddev-1.0	  magic-6.4.4	    sspkg-2.0	      xxgdb-1.11
findutils-4.1	  magicfilter-1.1b  strace-3.0	      youbin-2.2
flex-2.5.2	  mailx-5.5	    sup-1.0	      ytalk-3.0.2
freefile-1.0	  make-3.74	    symlinks-0.3      zlibc-0.6
freeWAIS-0.202	  makedev-1.4.1	    syslinux-1.10     zmodem-0.11
fsp-2.71	  malloc-930716	    sysvinit-2.50
ftape-2.03b	  man-pages-1.6	    tar-1.11.2
fvwm-1.24r	  man_db-2.3b2	    tcl-7.4


	Hard disks: IDE, including Extended IDE (>540MB), ESDI (most
non-caching controllers), SCSI (with supported SCSI controller).

	Tape: SCSI (with supported scsi controller), QIC-20 and floppy

	CD-ROM:	All ATAPI E-IDE CDROM drives, Sony CDU 31A and 33A,
Matsushita/Lasermate/Panasonic CR-56x and CR-52x, Aztech, Wearnes,
Philips LMSI cm206, Goldstar.

	SCSI Controllers: Adaptec aha152x (aic 6260), aha154x, aha2940
(aic 77xx), Bustek 542B, Future Domain 8xx (and other TMC-950 based
controllers) and 16xx, Buslogic, EATA, Ultrastor, NCR53c810, IN2000
(warning: flakey!) and AL500, ProAudioSpectrum-16, Q-Logic, Seagate
ST01/02, Western Digital 7000FASST.  Recommendations: We mostly use
the Adaptec 154x and NCR53c810.

	Video: CGA/EGA/VGA/MONO in text mode.  X window system
(XFree86 3.1.2) supports all standard VGA cards in 640x480 at 16.
Higher resolutions and at least 256 colors are supported for the
following chipsets.  ATI Mach8, Mach32, Mach64; Cirrus Logic clgd5420,
5422, 5424, 5426, 5428, 6205, 6215, 6225, 6235; Compaq AVGA; Weitek
P-9000; Genoa GVGA, IBM 8514/A, NCR 77c22, 77c22e; Oak OTI 67, 77, 87;
Western Digital Paradise pvga1, WD-90c00, 90c10, 90c30, 90c31; S3 911,
924, 928, 964, 801, 805, 865; Tseng ET-3000, ET-4000; Trident 8800cs,
8900b, 8900c, 8900cl, 9000.  Hercules monochrome is also supported.

	Sound: Adlib, SoundBlaster, MediaVision, and compatibiles,
Gravis Ultrasound, and MPU-401.  PC speaker driver can be used if
sound card is not present.  You must rebuild the kernel to install the
sound drivers.

	Ethernet: SMC Ultra, wd80x3, smc80x3, many other 8390-based
cards; NE1000/2000/2100, 3com 3c503, 3c505, 3c507, 3c509, 3c579;
AT1500, AT1700, D-Link DE-600/620, WaveLan, SMC EtherPower PCI and
some DEC 21x40-based ethernet cards, Schneider & Koch G16, ni5210, HP
27245/47/50, HP PC-LAN, Digital Etherwords 3, Intel EtherExpress,
Cabletron e2100, Digital Equipment DEPCA, DE100, DE101, DE200, DE201,
DE202, DE210, DE422, DE425, DE424, DE435, DE500, ATP parallel port
adapters, Allied Telesis at1700, Arcnet, Apricot 82596, Ansel
Communications 3200.

	Serial: Cyclades serial cards, regular serial ports.

	Parallel: Standard parallel ports.

	PCMCIA: We include drivers and compatible kernels for some
PCMCIA cards, but we do not presently have any boot PCMCIA floppies.
So, users of pure PCMCIA notebook computers currently must use the
DOS-based install procedure.


	Plug & Play Linux is also available for access by anonymous
FTP and read-only NFS.  The FTP areas are: (disk 1)     (disk 2)

	The NFS areas are: (disk 1)     (disk 2)
	You can even try installing Plug & Play Linux over the net or
through a SLIP connection.  If you would like to try installing Plug &
Play Linux over the internet, you can find a network installation
floppy in ~ftp/pub/products/fall_1995/netboot.3in.

	Plug & Play Linux is free software, so there is no charge for
installing Plug & Play Linux over the internet.  People who do so are
welcome to join our mailing lists and use our other online resources,
although we do not bundle any free technical support with this free
service.  Instead, if you install Plug & Play Linux over the internet
and want technical support, we are happy to provide it our regular
reasonable prices (see "TECHNICAL SUPPORT").


        All direct sales from Yggdrasil have an unconditional 30 day
money back guarantee, and we encourage our resellers to offer the same
policies (and we back this up with full purchase credit for any
returned copies).


        Yggdrasil will maintain an up to date errata list for the Fall
1995 release of Plug & Play Linux in  Plug & Play Linux
users interested in mutual support can get instructions on joining the mailing list by sending mail to with "help" in the first line on the body of
the message.

	Yggdrasil offers a number of technical support services, but
the following are the most commonly used by individuals:

		o For quick questions, use our technical support and
		  consulting hotline: 1-900-446-6075, ext. 835,
		  $2.95/minute, 9am-noon,1pm-5pm, Pacific time, weekdays.

		o For other questions, use our 15 minute guaranteed
		  technical support service.  1-800-261-6630
		  (+1-408-261-6630 outside of the US and Canada).
		  Give the operator your credit card number, and we
		  guarantee to correctly answer one question or solve
		  one problem during your 15 minute call (ask as many
		  questions as you like during that period), or your
		  charge is refunded.

	In the past, technical support was only sold separately from
other Yggdrasil products.  The Fall 1995 release of Plug & Play Linux
represents a slight departure from this policy in that it is sold
bundled with a small amount of technical support.  Plug & Play Linux
now includes a serial number, which entitles the owner to one free
success with our 15 minute guaranteed technical support service (a $25
value), plus $5 off on the caller's second call.

	For more information on our technical support services, please
send an empty email message to


	Plug & Play Linux is an excellent product for resellers.  The
professionally designed cover art for Plug & Play Linux matches that
of The Linux Bible, and has the same 7" x 9.25" form factor, so that
it fits easily on store bookshelves and into priority mail and UPS
letter mailers, even when bundled with a copy of The Linux Bible.  All
Yggdrasil products are individually shrinkwrapped and have a barcoded
ISBN, so that they arrive on your shelves in pristine condition and
can be moved quickly through your inventory and sales processes.  Our
third main product, Linux Internet Archives rounds out our Linux
product line.  If you would like to resell Plug & Play Linux, please
call (408) 261-6634.  Yggdrasil offers excellent reseller discounts.


        If you wrote something that is in Plug & Play Linux, you
probably qualify for a free copy.  Please see for details.


        Shipping and handling on Yggdrasil direct end-user sales in
the United States is $5 per order, regardless of how many products you
order.  For an extra $1, we will ship your order by Next Day Air
(Saturday delivery is another $5, please call for pricing for Sunday

        International air mail shipping is $10 per order.

        Of course, the very fastest way to get Plug & Play Linux is to
drop by your local Yggdrasil reseller right now and pick one up.  Our
distribution goes through more than one level of resellers, so we do
not have a complete list of everyone who sells our products, but we
are happy to help you find one if you call us.

        To order, please call Yggdrasil at (800) 261-6630 or (408)
261-6630, or fax us at (408) 261-6631, or send email to, or use our web page (


                                           Yggdrasil Computing, Inc.
        DIRECT SALES ORDER FORM            4880 Stevens Creek Blvd., Suite 205
                                           San Jose, California 95129-1034
                                           United States of America
                                           (408) 261-6630, fax (408) 261-6631
                                           toll free (800) 261-6630
SHIP TO: ______________________________     
                                            PHONE: _______________________
                                            EMAIL: _______________________
        Item                               Quantity    Price(US$)

Plug & Play Linux (2 CD's, boot floppy,      ____   X   $39.95 =  $_______
170 page install manual)

The Linux Bible (1592 pages + CDROM,         ____   X   $39.95 =  $_______
includes LDP books, "How To" guides, and a
response card for a free copy of Linux Journal)

Linux Internet Archives: 5 CD set            ____   X   $19.95 =  $_______
Snapshots of Linux FTP sites, the world's first
5 CD set for Linux.  Includes BLADE 0.1 release
for DEC Alpha.

Prime Time Freeware for Unix, Issue 4-1      ____   X   $59.95 =  $_______

Personal Technical Support                   ____   X  $100.00 =  $_______
(1 year/1 engineering hour)

                                                      SUBTOTAL    $_______

        California residents add 7% to help out with sales tax    $_______

                  Shipping & handling (US: $5, elsewhere: $10,    $_______
                        $6 for next day air delivery in US)

                                                         TOTAL    $_______

Payment method: __ payment enclosed      __ COD (USA only)
                __ credit card (AmEx, Optima, VISA, MasterCard, Discover)
Your name as it appears on credit card: _______________________________

Brand of credit card: ________  Card number:  _________________________

Signature:______________________________________  Expiration: ___ / ___

Offers subject to change without notice.  For direct sales, you can
return this software within 30 days for a full refund.  Beyond that,

Send comp.os.linux.announce submissions to:
PLEASE remember a short description of the software.

From: (Adam J. Richter)
Newsgroups: comp.os.linux.announce
Subject: COMMERCIAL: Yggdrasil Plug & Play Linux Fall 1995, Revision B
Date: Sat, 28 Oct 95 20:54:54 GMT
Organization: Yggdrasil Computing, Inc.
Approved: (Lars Wirzenius)
Message-ID: <>
Summary: Free update for Fall 1995 owners

YGGDRASIL PLUG & PLAY LINUX		Yggdrasil Computing, Inc.
FALL 1995, REVISION B			4880 Stevens Creek Blvd., Suite 205
					San Jose, CA 95129
					(800) 261-6630
					(408) 261-6630
					fax (408) 261-6631
27 October 1995

	Yggdrasil Computing is now shipping revision B of the Fall
1995 release of Plug and Play Linux.

	The original Fall 1995 release has been available for almost
two months.  In that time we have been collecting and publishing bug
reports and suggested fixes, as we do with every release of Plug &
Play Linux.  (See for the latest
errata.)  This time, however, we are going a step further.  In the
spirit of "Plug and Play", we are making available a CD with many of
the bug fixes and user suggestions already applied.  To use this
updated CD, you have to reinstall.  There are a lot of fixes applied
to this CD, and you may be experiencing the side-effects of a bug
without realizing it.  Among the bugs fixed is a serious problem in
the mailer daemon.  On a more positive note, there are also some
performance enhancements, and this is the version of Plug & Play Linux
that is used in our upcoming video on installing and using Plug & Play
and other linux distributions.  We recommend that all users install
the new revision.


	If you bought your copy of Plug & Play Linux directly from us
or are a subscriber, you do not have to do anything.  We have already
mailed the update CD to you, and you should be receiving your copy
shortly if you have not already.  If you do not receive your copy by
November 6th, then please call us.


	Our update CDROM is available from our technical support
service for free to any owner of the original Fall 1995 release.
There is no shipping charge, even internationally.  Requesting this
update does not use the free technical support call that comes with
the Fall 1995 release, and you can even use our toll free phone number
to request the update (1-800-261-6630).  If you are outside of the
United States and Canada, you can call us at (408) 261-6630 or fax us
at (408) 261-6631.  All you need is your Plug & Play Linux serial
number, and we will immediately ship you the revision B CD and boot
floppy.  You can keep your original copy.  You do not have to send us


	If you are an Yggdrasil reseller, you do not need to adjust
your inventory.  We will continue to honor requests for the free
upgrades from your customers until at least 90 days after the next
release of Plug & Play Linux.  However, if you want to upgrade your
unsold inventory, we can do that for you for free also.  Just let us
know approximately how many copies you want to replace.  We will send
you the replacement copies, and then you send us the original copies
after you have received the replacements.  If you send back fewer
copies, we will just bill you for the difference.  If we can select
the shipping method, we will pay shipping in both directions.


1. System hangs at boot time with older Mitsumi 1X and 2X proprietary
   bus CDROM drives.  (Use revision B boot floppy.)

2. Sendmail does not deliver some local mail to non-root accounts.

3. "Recommended" install does not install a number of files that
   really ought to be included.

4. "basename" utility is not included in the basic DOS install.

5. Double clicking on "libs" software component generates an error.

6. Installing "libs" optional software component breaks symlink in /lib.

7. Script generated by graphical control panel for serial internet
   connection (slip/cslip) does not match changes in newer version of dip.

8. Static version of libg++ ought to be included.

9. User requests for preconfigured FTP daemon (/var/lib/ftpd).

10. Installing "libs" component disconnects /lib/ symlink.

11. install_component is slow.

12. Curses-based programs should check /lib/terminfo when
    /usr/lib/terminfo is not present.

13. X configuration problems for Mach64, Mach32, and #9 GXE S3 cards.

14. Various control panels need to be upgraded to deal with
    trailing newline added in Tk 4.0 text widget.

15. Users prefer install_component to display file-by-file
    status, and is misleading when installing multiple components.

16. Graphical control panel generates incorrect printcap file
    for directly attached local printer.

17. Root path includes "/bin/" instead of "/bin".  This is harmless,
    but lacks aesthetics.

18. man pages for smail are on disk 2, but not disk 1.

19. Diagnostics from manual page initialization at first boot look
    like errors, spooking users.

20. /dev/mcd has incorrect major device number.


21. Users want non-DOS-based PCMCIA installation.

22. Installation really requires 8MB of RAM.

23. PCI BIOS-32 driver panics under some special hardware configurations.
    (Only on Gateway 2000 P5-60 with ATI Mach64 PCI video card?)

24. Adaptec 152x fails to detect CD in some hardware configurations.

This article has been digitally signed by the moderator, using PGP.
Finger for PGP key needed for validating signature.
Send submissions for comp.os.linux.announce to:
PLEASE remember a short description of the software and the LOCATION.

			  SCO's Case Against IBM

November 12, 2003 - Jed Boal from Eyewitness News KSL 5 TV provides an
overview on SCO's case against IBM. Darl McBride, SCO's president and CEO,
talks about the lawsuit's impact and attacks. Jason Holt, student and 
Linux user, talks about the benefits of code availability and the merits 
of the SCO vs IBM lawsuit. See SCO vs IBM.

Note: The materials and information included in these Web pages are not to
be used for any other purpose other than private study, research, review
or criticism.